Characteristics of Each of the 24 IPIP-VIA Scales Before and After Scale Refinements

(Values in Action [VIA]: Peterson & Seligman, 2004)

IPIP-VIA Scale Label 

P+N/Items

Alpha/1

Omitted

Added 

P+N/2 

Alpha/2 

 

 

 

Appreciation of Beauty

7+3=10

.65

0+2=2

 

7+1= 8

.77

Capacity for Love

7+3=10

.69

1+0=1

 

6+3= 9

.70

Citizenship/Teamwork

7+3=10

.66

3+1=4

0+3=3

4+5= 9

.78

Curiosity

7+3=10

.78

 

 

7+3=10

.78

Equity/Fairness

7+3=10

.62

1+2=3

1+1=2

7+2= 9

.70

Forgiveness

7+3=10

.75

0+1=1

 

7+2= 9

.76

Gratitude

7+3=10

.77

1+1=2

 

6+2= 8

.79

Hope/Optimism

6+3= 9

.72

1+0=1

 

5+3= 8

.73

Humor/Playfulness

7+3=10

.83

1+0=1

 

6+3= 9

.84

Industry/Perseverance

7+3=10

.80

2+0=2

 

5+3= 8

.81

Integrity/Honesty

7+3=10

.64

2+1=3

0+2=2

5+4= 9

.72

Judgment/Open-mind.

7+3=10

.79

0+1=1

 

7+2= 9

.80

Kindness/Generosity

7+3=10

.72

 

 

7+3=10

.72

Leadership

7+3=10

.72

3+0=3

 

4+3= 7

.78

Love of Learning

7+3=10

.77

 

 

7+3=10

.77

Modesty/Humility

7+3=10

.70

0+1=1

 

7+2= 9

.70

Originality/Creativity

7+3=10

.84

2+0=2

 

5+3= 8

.85

Perspective/Wisdom

7+3=10

.72

1+0=1

 

6+3= 9

.75

Prudence

7+3=10

.67

0+3=3

1+1=2

8+1= 9

.73

Self-regulat./Self-control

7+3=10

.66

2+0=2

0+3=3

5+6=11

.75

Social/Personal Intelli.

7+3=10

.70

1+2=3

 

6+1= 7

.76

Spirituality/Religiousness

7+3=10

.91

0+1=1

 

7+2= 9

.91

Valor/Bravery/Courage

7+4=11

.75

1+0=1

 

6+4=10

.75

Zest/Enthusiasm

7+3=10

.77

0+1=1

 

7+2= 9

.78

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Mean

7+3=10

.73

 

 

6+3= 9

.77

             
             
Note.  P+N/Items = Original number of positively and negatively keyed items.  Alpha/1 = Reliability of original scale.  Omitted = Number of positively and negatively keyed items omitted during scale refinement.  Added = Number of positively and negatively keyed items added during scale refinement.  P+N/2 = Number of positively and negatively keyed items in the refined scale.  Alpha/2 = Reliability of the refined scale. 
 
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