Characteristics of Each of the 24 Balanced and Culture-Fair
IPIP-VIA-R Short Scales (Before and After Scale Refinements)
(IPIP-VIA-R: Bluemke, Partsch, Saucier, & Lechner, 2021)
(Values in Action [VIA]: Peterson & Seligman, 2004)

IPIP-VIA Scale Label

P+N/Items

Alpha/1

Added

Added/2

Omitted

P+N/3

Alpha/3

Omega/3

Retest/3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appreciation of Beauty

7+3=10

.65

 

5+1=6

2+2=4

.58/.54

.69/.75

.74/.64

Capacity for Love

7+3=10

.69

 

5+1=6

2+2=4

.62/.61

.73/.75

.77/.69

Citizenship/Teamwork

7+3=10

.66

0+3=3

5+4=9

2+2=4

.54/.57

.68/.74

.63/.66

Curiosity

7+3=10

.78

 

 

5+1=6

2+2=4

.72/.56

.82/.75

.80/.64

Equity/Fairness

7+3=10

.62

1+1=2

6+2=8

2+2=4

.67/.63

.78/.80

.71/.58

Forgiveness

7+3=10

.75

0+1=1

5+2=7

2+2=4

.71/.56

.83/.75

.75/.54

Gratitude

7+3=10

.77

0+1=1

5+2=7

2+2=4

.61/.63

.74/.84

.67/.65

Hope/Optimism

6+3=  9

.72

0+1=1

4+2=6

2+2=4

.65/.60

.79/.80

.84/.72

Humor/Playfulness

7+3=10

.83

 

5+1=6

2+2=4

.74/.61

.83/.79

.82/.67

Industry/Perseverance

7+3=10

.80

 

5+1=6

2+2=4

.73/.63

.82/.81

.77/.53

Integrity/Honesty

7+3=10

.64

0+2=2

0+1=1

5+4=9

2+2=4

.65/.67

.80/.83

.77/.68

Judgment/Open-mindedness

7+3=10

.79

 

5+1=6

2+2=4

.51/.55

.67/.75

.58/.59

Kindness/Generosity

7+3=10

.72

 

 

5+1=6

2+2=4

.54/.59

.69/.77

.75/.66

Leadership

7+3=10

.72

 

5+1=6

2+2=4

.67/.57

.76/.76

.75/.64

Love of Learning

7+3=10

.77

 

 

5+1=6

2+2=4

.62/.55

.81/.80

.71/.53

Modesty/Humility

7+3=10

.70

 

5+1=6

2+2=4

.55/.54

.66/.72

.76/.76

Originality/Creativity

7+3=10

.84

 

5+1=6

2+2=4

.71/.62

.80/.79

.79/.72

Perspective/Wisdom

7+3=10

.72

 

5+1=6

2+2=4

.60/.56

.74/.74

.70/.73

Prudence

7+3=10

.67

1+1=2

6+2=8

2+2=4

.63/.45

.77/.63

.76/.76

Self-regulation/Self-control

7+3=10

.66

0+3=3

5+4=9

2+2=4

.45/.42

.57/.68

.64/.53

Social/Personal Intelligence

7+3=10

.70

0+1=1

5+2=7

2+2=4

.56/.63

.72/.81

.66/.69

Spirituality/Religiousness

7+3=10

.91

0+1=1

5+2=7

2+2=4

.70/.57

.81/.73

.83/.77

Valor/Bravery/Courage

7+4=11

.75

 

5+2=7

2+2=4

.63/.54

.77/.73

.73/.75

Zest/Enthusiasm

7+3=10

.77

 

5+1=6

2+2=4

.71/.62

.83/.81

.82/.72

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mean

7+3=10

.73

 

 

2+2=4

.63/.58

.75/.76

.74/.66

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note. P+N/Items = Original number of positively and negatively keyed items. Alpha/1 = Formerly reported, yet biased reliability estimate of original scale. Added (Added/2) = Number of positively and negatively keyed items added during scale refinement in 2004 (or in 2019). Omitted = Number of all positively and negatively keyed seminal items considered but omitted during scale refinement. P+N/3 = Number of positively and negatively keyed items in the revised short scale. Alpha/3 = Biased estimate of reliability of the revised short scale (Germany/UK). Omega/3 = Reliability of the revised short scale (Germany/UK). Retest/3 = Retest-reliability of the revised short scale across 2-3 weeks (Germany/UK).

 

Bluemke, M., Partsch, M. V., Saucier, G., & Lechner, C. M. (2021, December 16). Human Character in the IPIP: Towards Shorter, More Content-Valid, and Cross-Culturally Comparable IPIP-VIA Character Strength Scales. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/k79qf

 

Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2004). Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification. New York: Oxford University Press/Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

 

 

Return to Multiple Constructs