Converting Items into Third-Person Format to Obtain Assessments of Others

All IPIP items are written in first-person format, so that they can be easily administered as self-reports.  However, when one wants to use IPIP items to obtain descriptions from others, one will want to convert the items into third-person format.

In many cases, the conversion is straightforward, simply adding an “s” to the initial verb (e.g., from Act to Acts, Avoid to Avoids, Believe to Believes, Dislike to Dislikes, Enjoy to Enjoys, Feel to Feels, Find to Finds, Get to Gets, Know to Knows, Like to Likes, Love to Loves, Prefer to Prefers, Take to Takes, Want to Wants).  In other cases, the first and third person forms are slightly different (e.g., Am to Is, Do to Does, Don’t to Doesn’t, Have to Has, Try to Tries).  In all cases, if the items include first-person pronouns (e.g., I, me, my), these must be changed to third-person ones (e.g., He/She, Him/Her, His/Hers).

Some examples:

1st Person          3rd Person

Am a rebel.        Is a rebel.

Cry easily.          Cries easily.

Follow orders.    Follows orders.

Let things go.      Lets things go.

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