Publications that Employ the IPIP

This web-site serves as a repository for reports of studies using IPIP items. Here is a preliminary list. To add a relevant report to this initial set, send its citation (in APA reference format) to Lewis R. Goldberg at

Abood, N. (2019). Big Five traits: A critical review. Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business, 21, 159-186.

Aghababaei, N. (2012). Religious, honest and humble: Looking for the religious person within the HEXACO model of personality structure. Personality and Individual Differences, 53, 880-883.

Aghababaei, N. (2013). Between you and God, where is the general factor of personality? Exploring personality-religion relationships in a Muslim context. Personality and Individual Differences, 55, 196-198.

Aghababaei, N., & Arji, A. (2014). Well-being and the HEXACO model of personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 56, 139-142.

Aghababaei, N., & Farahani, H. (2011). The role of trait gratitude in predicting psychological and subjective well-being. Journal of Iranian Psychologists, 8, 75-84.

Aghababaei, N., & Tabik, M. T. (2013). Gratitude and mental health: Differences between religious and general gratitude in a Muslim context. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 16, 761-766.

Aguinis, H., Mazurkiewicz, M. D., & Heggestad, E. D. (2009). Using web-based frame-of-reference training to decrease biases in personality-based job analysis: An experimental field study. Personnel Psychology, 62, 405-438.

Ahart, A. M., & Sackett, P. R. (2004). A new method of examining relationships between individual difference measures and sensitive behavior criteria: Evaluating the unmatched count technique. Organizational Research Methods, 7, 101-114.

Akhtar, H., & Azwar, S. (2018). Development and validation of a short scale for measuring Big Five personality traits: The IPIP-BFM-25 Indonesia. Journal of Innovation in Psychology, Education, and Didactics, 22, 167-174.

Albion, M. J., & Fogarty, G. J. (2002). Factors influencing career decision making in adolescents and adults. Journal of Career Assessment, 10, 91-126.

Allen, M. S., Greenlees, I., & Jones, M. (2013). Personality in sport: A comprehensive review. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 6, 184-208.

Allen, T. A., Carey, B. E., McBride, C., Bagby, R. M., DeYoung, C. G., & Quilty, L. C. (2018). Big Five aspects of personality interact to predict depression. Journal of Personality, 86, 714-725.

Al-Shawaf, L., Lewis, D. M. G., & Buss, D. M. (2015). Disgust and mating strategy. Evolution and Human Behavior, 36, 199-205.

Anderson, M. H. (2008). Discovering your personality: A group exercise in personal sensemaking. Journal of Management Education, 32, 651-676.

Andersson, A., Kajonius, P., & Thorvaldsson, V. (2022). Testing the personality differentiation by intelligence hypothesis in a representative sample of Swedish hexagenerians. Journal of Research in Personality, 99, 104242.

Anglim, J., & Grant, S. L. (2014). Incremental criterion prediction of personality facets over factors: Obtaining unbiased estimates and confidence internals. Journal of Research in Personality, 53, 148-157.

Anglim, J., & Horwood, S. (2021). Effect of the COVID-19 pandemic and Big Five personality on subjective and psychological well-being. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 12, 1527-1537.

Antinori, A., Carter, O. L., & Smillie, L. D. (2017). Seeing it both ways: Openness to experience and binocular rivalry suppression. Journal of Research in Personality, 68, 15-22.

Armstrong, P. I., Allison, W., & Rounds, J. (2008). Development and initial validation of brief public domain RIASEC marker scales. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 73, 287-299.

Armstrong, P. I., & Anthoney, S. F. (2009). Personality facets and RIASEC interests: An integrated model. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 75, 346-359.

Arslan, R. C. (2019). How to automatically document data with the codebook package to facilitate data reuse. Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science, 2, 169-187.

Arthaud-Day, M. L., Rode, J. C., & Turnley, W. H. (2012). Direct and contextual effects of individual values on organizational citizenship behavior in teams. Journal of Applied Psychology, 97, 792-807.

Ashrafioun, L., McCarthy, A., & Rosenberg, H. (2012). Assessing the impact of cue exposure on craving to gamble in university students. Journal of Gambling Studies, 28, 363-375.

Ashton, M. C., & Lee, K. (2001). A theoretical basis for the major dimensions of personality. European Journal of Personality, 15, 327-353.

Ashton, M. C., & Lee, K. (2005). Honesty-humility, the Big Five, and the Five-Factor Model. Journal of Personality, 73, 1321-1353.

Ashton, M. C., & Lee, K. (2019). How well do Big Five measures capture HEXACO scale variance? Journal of Personality Assessment, 101, 567-573.

Ashton, M. C., Lee, K., & Goldberg, L. R. (2007). The IPIP-HEXACO scales: An alternative, public-domain measure of the personality constructs in the HEXACO model. Personality and Individual Differences, 42, 1515-1526.

Ashton, M. C., Lee, K., & Son, C. (2000). Honesty as the sixth factor of personality: Correlations with Machiavellianism, primary psychopathy, and social adroitness. European Journal of Personality, 14, 359-368.

Ashton, M. C., Pilkington, A. C., & Lee, K. (2014). Do prosocial people prefer sweet-tasting foods? An attempted replication of Meier, Moeller, Riemer-Peltz, and Robinson (2012). Journal of Research in Personality, 52, 42-46.

Austin, E. J., Dore, T. C. P., & O'Donovan, K. M. (2008). Associations of personality and emotional intelligence with display rule perceptions and emotional labour. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 679-688.

Austin, E. J., Farrelly, D., Black, C., & Moore, H. (2007). Emotional intelligence, Machiavellianism and emotional manipulation: Does EI have a dark side? Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 179-189.

Bäckström, M. (2007). Higher-order factors in a five-factor personality inventory and its relation to social desirability. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 23, 63-70.

Bäckström, M., Björklund, F., & Larsson, M. R. (2009).  Five-factor inventories have a general factor related to social desirability which can be reduced by framing items neutrally.  Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 335-344.

Bäckström, M., Björklund, F., Persson, R., & Costa, A. (2020). Five-factor personality inventories have a competence-related higher-order factor due to item phrasing. Frontiers in Psychology, 11:557544.

Bäckström, M., Larsson, M. R., & Maddux, R. E. (2009).  A structural validation of an inventory based on the abridged five factor circumplex model (AB5C).  Journal of Personality Assessment, 91, 462-472.

Baer, M. (2010). The strength-of-weak-ties perspective on creativity: A comprehensive examination and extension. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95, 592-601.

Baer, M., & Oldham, G. R. (2006). The curvilinear relation between experienced creative time pressure and creativity: Moderating effects of Openness to Experience and support for creativity. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91, 963-970.

Bailenson, J. N., & Yee, N. (2009). Virtual interpersonal touch and digital chameleons. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 31, 225-242. 

Baird, B. M., Le, K., & Lucas, R. E. (2006). On the nature of intraindividual personality variability: Reliability, validity, and associations with well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90, 512-527.

Baird, B. M., Lucas, R. E., & Donnellan, M. B. (2017). The role of response styles in the assessment of intraindividual personality variability. Journal of Research in Personality, 69, 170-179.

Baker, S. R., Victor, J. B., Chambers, A. L., & Halverson, C. F., Jr. (2004). Adolescent personality: A Five-Factor Model construct validation. Assessment, 11, 303-315.

Bakker, B. N. (2017). Personality traits, income and economic ideology. Political Psychology, 38, 1025-1041.

Bakker, B. N., & de Vreese, C. H. (2016). Personality and European Union attitudes: Relationships across EU attitude dimensions. European Union Politics, 17, 25-45.

Bakker, B. N., Rooduijn, M., & Schumacher, G. (2016). The psychological roots of populist voting: Evidence from the United States, the Netherlands and Germany. European Journal of Political Research, 55, 302-320.

Baldasaro, R. E., Shanahan, M. J., & Bauer, D. J. (2013). Psychometric properties of the Mini-IPIP in a large, nationally representative sample of young adults. Journal of Personality Assessment, 95, 74-84.

Ballester, S., Sastre, M. T. M., & Mullet, E. (2009). Forgivingness and lay conceptualizations of forgiveness. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 605-609. 

Baltes, B. B., Bauer, C. B., & Frensch, P. A. (2007). Does a structured free recall intervention reduce the effect of stereotypes on performance ratings and by what cognitive mechanism? Journal of Applied Psychology, 92, 151-164.

Barańczuk, U. (2019). The five factor model of personality and alexithymia: A meta-analysis. Journal of Research in Personality, 78, 227-248.

Barchard, K. A. (2003). Does emotional intelligence assist in the prediction of academic success? Educational and Psychological Measurement, 63, 840-858.

Barchard, K. A., & Hakstian, A. R. (2004). The nature and measurement of emotional intelligence abilities: Basic dimensions and their relationships with other cognitive ability and personality variables. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 64, 437-462.

Barford, K. A., Fayn, K., Silvia, P. J., & Smillie, L. D. (2018). Individual differences in conflicting stimulus evaluations: Openness/Intellect predicts mixed-valenced appraisals of visual art. Journal of Research in Personality, 73, 46-55.

Barsky, A., Thoresen, C. J., Warren, C. R., & Kaplan, S. A. (2004). Modeling negative affectivity and job stress: A contingency-based approach. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25, 915-936.

Bartley, C. E., & Roesch, S. C. (2011). Coping with daily stress: The role of conscientiousness. Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 79-83.

Bastian, K. C., McCord, D. M., Marks, J. T., & Carpenter, D. (2017). A temperament for teaching? Associations between personality traits and beginning teacher performance and retention. AERA Open, 3, 1-17.

Beaussart, M. L., Andrews, C. J., & Kaufman, J. C. (2013). Creative liars: The relationship between creativity and integrity. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 9, 129-134.

Beaussart, M. L., Kaufman, S. B., & Kaufman, J. C. (2012). Creative activity, personality, mental illness, and short-term mating success. Journal of Creative Behavior, 46, 151-167.

Beck, E. D., & Jackson, J. J. (2022). Personalized prediction of behaviors and experiences: An idiographic person–situation test. Psychological Science, 33, 1767–1782.

Beck, L. A., & Clark, M. S. (2009). Offering more support than we seek. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 267-270.

Beck, L. A., Pietromonaco, P. R., DeVito, C. C., Powers, S. I., & Boyle, A. M. (2014). Congruence between spouses' perceptions and observers' ratings of responsiveness: The role of attachment avoidance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40, 164-174.

Beckmann, N., Beckmann, J. F., Birney, D. P., & Wood, R. E. (2015). A problem shared is learning doubled: Deliberative processing improves learning in complex dynamic decision-making tasks. Computers in Human Behavior, 48, 654–662.

Beckmann, N., Beckmann, J. F., Minbashian, A., & Birney, D. P. (2013). In the heat of the moment: On the effect of state neuroticism on task performance. Personality and Individual Differences, 54, 447-452.

Beckmann, N., Birney, D. P., Beckmann, J. F., Wood, R. E., Sojo, V., & Bowman, D. (2020). Inter-individual differences in intra-individual variability in personality within and across contexts. Journal of Research in Personality, 85, 103909.

Beckmann, N., Wood, R. E., & Minbashian, A. (2010). It depends how you look at it: On the relationship between neuroticism and conscientiousness at the within- and the between-person levels of analysis. Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 593-601.

Beedie, C. J., Foad, A. J., & Coleman, D. A. (2008). Identification of placebo responsive participants in 40km laboratory cycling performance. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 7, 166-175.

Berg, V., Rotkirch, A., Väisänen, H., & Jokela, M. (2013). Personality is differentially associated with planned and non-planned pregnancies. Journal of Research in Personality, 47, 296-305.

Berry, C. M., Carpenter, N. C., & Barratt, C. L. (2012). Do other-reports of counterproductive work behavior provide an incremental contribution over self-reports? A meta-analytic comparison. Journal of Applied Psychology, 97, 613-636.

Biderman, M. D., Nguyen, N. T., & Sebren, J. (2008). Time-on-task mediates the conscientiousness-performance relationship. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 887-897.

Blagov, P. S. (2021). Adaptive and Dark Personality in the COVID-19 pandemic: Predicting health-behavior endorsement and the appeal of public health messages. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 12, 697-707.

Bleidorn, W. & Hopwood, C. J. (2019). Using machine learning to advance personality assessment and theory. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 23, 190-203.

Bleidorn, W., Schwaba, T., & Hopwood, C. J. (2021). Health adversity and value change. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 12, 248-257.

Block, J. (2010). The five-factor framing of personality and beyond: Some ruminations. Psychological Inquiry, 21, 2-25.

Böckenholt, U. (2005). A latent Markov model for the analysis of longitudinal data collected in continuous time: States, durations, and transitions. Psychological Methods, 10, 65-83.

Bogg, T., & Roberts, B.W. (2013). The case for conscientiousness: Evidence and implications for a personality trait marker of health and longevity. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 45, 278-288.

Boies, K., Yoo, T-Y, Ebacher, A., Lee, K., & Ashton, M. C. (2004). Psychometric properties of scores on the French and Korean versions of the HEXACO Personality Inventory. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 64, 992-1006.

Bonaccio, S., & Reeve, C. L. (2006). Differentiation of cognitive abilities as a function of neuroticism level: A measurement equivalence/invariance analysis. Intelligence, 34, 403-417.

Bono, J. E., & Vey, M. A. (2007). Personality and emotional performance: Extraversion, neuroticism, and self-monitoring. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 12, 177-192.

Booth, T., Mõttus, R., Corley, J., Gow, A. J., Henderson, R.D., ... & Deary, I. J. (2014). Personality, health, and brain integrity: The Lothian Birth Cohort Study 1936. Health Psychology, 33, 1477-1486.

Bore, M., Munro, D., Kerridge, I., & Powis, D. (2005). Selection of medical students according to their moral orientation. Medical Education, 39, 266-275.

Bowling, N. A., Beehr, T. A., & Swader, W. M. (2005). Giving and receiving social support at work: The roles of personality and reciprocity. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 67, 476-489.

Bowling, N. A., & Burns, G. N. (2010). A comparison of work-specific and general personality measures as predictors of work and non-work criteria. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 95-101.

Boyes, M. E., & French, D. J. (2009).  Having a Cyberball: Using a ball-throwing game as an experimental social stressor to examine the relationship between neuroticism and coping.  Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 396-401.

Boyes, M. E., & French, D. J. (2010). Neuroticism, stress, and coping in the context of an anagram-solving task. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 380-385.

Brackett, M. A., Mayer, J. D., & Warner, R. M. (2004). Emotional intelligence and its relation to everyday behaviour. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 1387-1402.

Bradley, B. H., Klotz, A. C., Postlethwaite, B. E., & Brown, K. G. (2013). Ready to rumble: How team personality composition and task conflict interact to improve performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 98, 385-392.

Bresin, K., Hilmert, C. J., Wilkowski, B. M., & Robinson, M. D. (2012). Response speed as an individual difference: Its role in moderating the agreeableness-anger relationship. Journal of Research in Personality, 46, 79-86.

Briley, D. A., Domiteaux, M., & Tucker-Drob, E. M. (2014). Achievement-relevant personality: Relations with the Big Five and validation of an efficient instrument. Learning and Individual Differences, 32, 26-39.

Britt, T. W., Thomas, J. L., & Dawson, C. R. (2006). Self-engagement magnifies the relationship between qualitative overload and performance in a training setting. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 36, 2100-2114.

Brown, D. J., Cober, R. T., Kane, K., Levy, P. E., & Shalhoop, J. (2006). Proactive personality and the successful job search: A field investigation with college graduates. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91, 717-726.

Brown, S. A. (2009). Personality and non-suicidal deliberate self-harm: Trait differences among a non-clinical population. Psychiatry Research, 169, 28-32. 

Buchanan, T. (2016). Self-report measures of executive function problems correlate with personality, not performance-based executive function measures, in nonclinical samples. Psychological Assessment, 28, 372-385.

Buchanan, T., Johnson, J. A., & Goldberg, L. R. (2005). Implementing a five-factor personality inventory for use on the internet. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 21, 115-127.

Bucher, M. A., & Samuel, D. B. (2019). Development of a short form of the Abridged Big Five-Dimensional Circumplex model to aid with the organization of personality traits. Journal of Personality Assessment, 101, 16-24.

Bucher, M. A., & Samuel D. B. (2020). Developing a short form of the IPIP Abridged Big Five-Dimensional Circumplex (AB5C) congruent with the AB5C circumplex locations. Journal of Research in Personality, 88, 104007.

Bunji, K., & Okada, K. (2022). Linear ballistic accumulator item response theory model for multidimensional multiple-alternative forced-choice measurement of personality. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 57, 658-678.

Burns, R. A., & Machin, M. A. (2010).  Identifying gender differences in the independent effects of personality and psychological well-being on two broad affect components of subjective well-being.  Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 22-27.

Burrow, A. L., Hill, P. L., & Sumner, R. (2016). Leveling mountains: Purpose attenuates links between perceptions of effort and steepness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 42, 94-103.

Burrow, A. L., Stanley, M., Sumner, R., & Hill, P. L. (2014). Purpose in life as a resource for increasing comfort with ethnic diversity. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40, 1507-1516.

Burtăverde, V., de Raad, B., & Zanfirescu, A-Ş. (2018). An emic-etic approach to personality assessment in predicting social adaptation, risky social behaviors, status striving, and social affirmation. Journal of Research in Personality, 76, 113-123.

Çankaya, İ. (2011). Anger as a mediator of the effects of anxiety on aggressiveness in teacher trainees. Social Behavior and Personality, 39, 935-946.

Carpenter, J., Doverspike, D., & Miguel, R. F. (2012). Public service motivation as a predictor of attraction to the public sector. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80, 509-523.  

Carr, P. B., & Walton, G. M. (2014). Cues of working together fuel intrinsic motivation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 53, 169-184.

Carré, J. M., Putnam, S. K., & McCormick, C. M. (2009). Testosterone responses to competition predict future aggressive behaviour at a cost to reward in men. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34, 561-570.

Chan, C. S. R., & Park, H. D. (2013). The influence of dispositional affect and cognition on venture investment portfolio concentration. Journal of Business Venturing, 28, 397-412.

Chan, K-Y, Rounds, J., & Drasgow, F. (2000). The relation between vocational interests and the motivation to lead. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 57, 226-245.

Chauvin, B., Hermand, D., & Mullet, E. (2007). Risk perception and personality facets. Risk Analysis: An International Journal, 27, 171-185.

Cheek, N. N., & Norem, J. K. (2020). Are Big Five traits and facets associated with anchoring susceptibility? Social Psychological and Personality Science, 11, 26-35.

Chen, J., Qiu, L., & Ho, M-H. R. (2020). A meta-analysis of linguistic markers of extraversion: Positive emotion and social process words. Journal of Research in Personality, 89, 104035.

Chernyshenko, O. S., Stark, S., Chan, K-Y, Drasgow, F., & Williams, B. (2001). Fitting item response theory models to two personality inventories: Issues and insights. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 36, 523-562.

Chester, D. S., & West, S. J. (2020). Trait aggression is primarily a facet of antagonism: Evidence from dominance, latent correlational, and item-level analyses. Journal of Research in Personality, 89, 104042.

Chiaramello, S., Sastre, M. T. M., & Mullet, E. (2008). Seeking forgiveness: Factor structure, and relationships with personality and forgivingness. Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 383-388.

Chin, B., Murphy, M.L.M., Janicki-Deverts, D., & Cohen, S. (2017). Marital status as a predictor of diurnal salivary cortisol levels and slopes in a community sample of healthy adults. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 78, 68-75.

Cho, V. (2017). A study of negative emotional disclosure behavior in social network media: Will an unexpected negative event and personality matter? Computers in Human Behavior, 73, 172-180.

Chopik, W. J., & Johnson, D. J. (2021). Modeling dating decisions in a mock swiping paradigm: An examination of participant and target characteristics. Journal of Research in Personality, 92, 104076.

Christensen, A. P., Cotter, K. N., & Silvia, P. J. (2019). Reopening Openness to Experience: A network analysis of four Openness to Experience inventories. Journal of Personality Assessment, 101, 574-588.

Christiansen, N. D., Wolcott-Burnam, S., Janovics, J. E., Burns, G. N., & Quirk, S. W. (2005). The good judge revisited: Individual differences in the accuracy of personality judgments. Human Performance, 18, 123-149.

Church, A. T., Katigbak, M. S., del Prado, A. M., Valdez-Medina, J. L., Miramontes, L. G., & Ortiz, F. A. (2006). A cross-cultural study of trait self-enhancement, explanatory variables, and adjustment. Journal of Research in Personality, 40, 1169-1201.

Ciarrochi, J., & Heaven, P. C. L. (2009).  A longitudinal study into the link between adolescent personality and peer-rated likeability and adjustment: Evidence of gender differences.  Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 978-986.

Ciarrochi, J., Kashdan, T. B., Leeson, P., Heaven, P., & Jordan, C. (2010). On being aware and accepting: A one-­year longitudinal study into adolescent well-­being. Journal of Adolescence, 34, 695-703.

Cicero, D. C., & Kerns, J. G. (2010). Can disorganized and positive schizotypy be discriminated from dissociation? Journal of Personality, 78, 1239-1270.

Cicero, D. C., & Kerns, J. G. (2011). Unpleasant and pleasant referential thinking: Relations with self-processing, paranoia, and other schizotypal traits. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, 208-218.

Civai, C., Hawes, D. R., DeYoung, C. G., & Rustichini, A. (2016). Intelligence and extraversion in the neural evaluation of delayed rewards. Journal of Research in Personality, 61, 99-108.

Clark, M. A., Lelchook, A. M., & Taylor, M. L. (2010). Beyond the Big Five: How narcissism, perfectionism, and dispositional affect relate to workaholism. Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 786-791.

Cohen, S., Janicki-Deverts, D., Turner, R. B., & Doyle, W. J. (2015). Does hugging provide stress-buffering social support? A study of susceptibility to upper respiratory infection and illness. Psychological Science, 26, 135-147.

Colbert, A. E., Mount, M. K., Harter, J. K., Witt, L. A., & Barrick, M. R. (2004). Interactive effects of personality and perceptions of the work situation on workplace deviance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89, 599-609.

Collison, K. L., Vize, C. E., Miller, J. D., & Lynam, D. R. (2018). Development and preliminary validation of a five-factor model measure of Machiavellianism. Psychological Assessment, 30, 1401-1407.

Colman, D. E., Letzring, T. D., & Biesanz, J. C. (2017). Seeing and feeling your way to accurate personality judgments: The moderating role of perceiver empathic tendencies. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 8, 806-815.

Colquitt, J. A., Scott, B. A., Judge, T. A., & Shaw, J. C. (2006). Justice and personality: Using integrative theories to derive moderators of justice effects. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 100, 110-127.

Compton, R. J., Robinson, M. D., Ode, S., Quandt, L. C., Fineman, S. L., & Carp, J. (2008). Error-monitoring ability predicts daily stress regulation. Psychological Science, 19, 702-708.

Condon, D. M., & Revelle, W. (2014). The international cognitive ability resource: Development and initial validation of a public-domain measure. Intelligence, 43, 52-64.

Conijn, J. M., Emons, W. H. M., & Sijtsma, K. (2014). Statistic lz-based person-fit methods for non-cognitive multiscale measures. Applied Psychological Measurement, 38, 122-136.  

Conner, M., Rodgers, W., & Murray, T. (2007). Conscientiousness and the intention-behavior relationship: Predicting exercise behavior. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 29, 518-533.

Conroy-Beam, D. (2018). Euclidean mate value and power of choice on the mating market. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 44, 252-264.

Converse, P. D., Beverage, M. S., Vaghef, K., & Moore, L. S. (2018). Self-control over time: Implications for work, relationship, and well-being outcomes. Journal of Research in Personality, 73, 82-92.

Converse, P. D., Pathak, J., DePaul-Haddock, A. M., Gotlib, T., & Merbedone, M. (2012). Controlling your environment and yourself: Implications for career success. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80, 148-159.

Converse, P. D., Steinhauser, E., & Pathak, J. (2010).  Individual differences in reactions to goal-performance discrepancies over time.  Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 138-143.

Cooper, A. J., Smillie, L. D., & Corr, P. J. (2010). A confirmatory factor analysis of the Mini-IPIP five-factor model personality scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 688-691.

Cooper, C. A., Knotts, H. G., McCord, D. M., & Johnson, A. (2012). Taking personality seriously: The five factor model and public management. American Review of Public Administration, 43, 397-415.

Cooper, C. A., Carpenter, D., Reiner, A., & McCord, D. M. (2014). Personality and job satisfaction: Evidence from a sample of street-level bureaucrats. International Journal of Public Administration, 37, 155-162.

Cooper, C. A., McCord, D. M., & Socha, A. (2011). Evaluating the college sophomore problem: The case of personality and politics. The Journal of Psychology, 145, 23-37.

Cornish, M. A., Woodyatt, L., Morris, G., Conroy, A., & Townsdin, J. (2018). Self-forgiveness, self-exoneration, and self-condemnation: Individual differences associated with three patterns of responding to interpersonal offenses. Personality and Individual Differences, 129, 43-53.

Corr, P. J., & Cooper, A.J. (2016). The reinforcement sensitivity theory of personality questionnaire (RST-PQ): Development and validation. Psychological Assessment, 28, 1427-1440.

Costantini, G., & Perugini, M. (2016). The network of conscientiousness. Journal of Research in Personality, 65, 68-88.

Côté, S., & Miners, C. T. H. (2006). Emotional intelligence, cognitive intelligence, and job performance. Administrative Science Quarterly, 51, 1-28.

Cotter, K. N., Ivcevic, Z., & Moeller, J. (2020). Person-oriented profiles of originality and fluency in divergent thinking responses. Journal of Research in Personality, 86, 103941.

Credé, M. (2010). Random responding as a threat to the validity of effect size estimates in correlational research. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 70, 596-612. 

Credé, M., Bashshur, M., & Niehorster, S. (2010). Reference group effects in the measurement of personality and attitudes. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92, 390-399.

Credé, M., & Niehorster, S. (2009). Individual difference influences on self-focused and other-focused counterproductive student behaviors. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 769-776.

Creswell, J. D., Way, B. M., Eisenberger, N. I., & Lieberman, M. D. (2007). Neural correlates of dispositional mindfulness during affect labeling. Psychosomatic Medicine, 69, 560-565.

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Heym, N., & Lawrence, C. (2010). The role of Gray’s revised RST in the P-psychopathy continuum: The relationships of Psychoticism with lack of fear and anxiety, and increased impulsivity. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 874-879.

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Hopwood, C. J., Good, E. W., Levendowsky, A. A., Zimmermann, J., Dumat, D., Finkel, E. J., Eastwick, P. E., & Bleidorn, W. (2021). Realness is a core feature of authenticity. Journal of Research in Personality, 92, 104086.

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Howard, M. C., & Van Zandt, E. C. (2020). The discriminant validity of honesty-humility: A meta-analysis of the HEXACO, Big Five, and Dark Triad. Journal of Research in Personality, 87, 103982.

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Hunter, E. M., Neubert, M. J., Perry, S. J., Witt, L. A., Penney, L. M., & Weinberger, E. (2013). Servant leaders inspire servant followers: Antecedents and outcomes for employees and the organization. Leadership Quarterly, 24, 316-331.

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Kaye, L. K., Monk, R. L., Wall, H. J., Hamlin, I., & Qureshi, A. W. (2018). The effect of flow and context on in-vivo positive mood in digital gaming. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 110, 45-52.

Keller, H., & Karau, S. J. (2013). The importance of personality in students' perceptions of the online learning experience. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 2494-2500.

Keller, J., & Pfattheicher, S. (2013). The compassion-hostility paradox: The interplay of vigilant, prevention-focused self-regulation, compassion, and hostility. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39, 1518-1529.

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McDonald, J. S., & Letzring, T. D. (2016). Judging personal values and personality traits: Accuracy and its relation to visibility. Journal of Research in Personality, 65, 140-151.

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McNulty, J. K. (2011). The dark side of forgiveness: The tendency to forgive predicts continued psychological and physical aggression in marriage. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 770-783.

McNulty, J. K., & Russell, V. M. (2016). Forgive and forget, or forgive and regret? Whether forgiveness leads to less or more offending depends on offender agreeableness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 42, 616-631.

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Meade, A. W., & Wright, N. A. (2012). Solving the measurement invariance anchor problem in item response theory. Journal of Applied Psychology, 97, 1016-1031.

Meier, B. P., & Robinson, M. D. (2004). Does quick to blame mean quick to anger? The role of agreeableness in dissociating blame and anger. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 856-867.

Meier, B. P., & Robinson, M. D. (2006). Does "feeling down" mean seeing down? Depressive symptoms and vertical selective attention. Journal of Research in Personality, 40, 451-461.

Meier, B. P., Robinson, M. D., Carter, M. S., & Hinsz, V. B. (2010). Are sociable people more beautiful? A zero-acquaintance analysis of agreeableness, extraversion, and attractiveness. Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 293-296.

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Meltzer, A. L., & McNulty, J. K. (2016). Who is having more and better sex? The Big Five as predictors of sex in marriage. Journal of Research in Personality, 63, 62-66.

Mendonca, D., Oakes, K. E., Ciarrocchi, J. W., Sneck, W. J., & Gillespie, K. (2007).  Spirituality and God-attachment as predictors of subjective well-being for seminarians and nuns in India.  Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, 18, 121-140.

Merritt, C. J., & Tharp, I. J. (2013). Personality, self-efficacy and risk-taking in parkour (free-running). Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 608-611.

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Mhlanga, T. S., Mjoli, T. Q., Chamisa, S. F., & Marange, C. S. (2021). Personality and psychological conditions in relation to job engagement amongst municipal workers in the Eastern Cape province, South Africa. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 47, a1804.

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Mignonac, K. (2008). Individual and contextual antecedents of older managerial employees' willingness to accept intra-organizational job changes. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 19, 582-599.

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Mikolajczak, M., Quoidbach, J., Vanootighem, V., Lambert, F., Lahaye, M., Fillée, C., & de Timary, P. (2010). Cortisol awakening response (CAR)'s flexibility leads to larger and more consistent associations with psychological factors than CAR magnitude. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 35, 752-757.

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Milas, G., & Mlacic, B. (2007). Brand personality and human personality: Findings from ratings of familiar Croatian brands. Journal of Business Research, 60, 620-626.

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Miller, B. K. (2015). Entitlement and conscientiousness in the prediction of organizational deviance. Personality and Individual Differences, 82, 114-119.

Miller, B. K., Smart, D. L., & Rechner, P. L. (2015). Confirmatory factor analysis of the Machiavellian Personality Scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 82, 120-124.

Miller, J. D., Lynam, D. R., Siedor, L., Crowe, M., & Campbell, W. K. (2018). Consensual lay profiles of narcissism and their connection to the Five-Factor Narcissism Inventory. Psychological Assessment, 30, 10-18.

Miller, J. D., Lynam, D. R., Vize, C., Crowe, C., Sleep, C., Maples-Keller, J. L., Few, L. R., & Campbell, W. K. (2018). Vulnerable narcissism is (mostly) a disorder of neuroticism. Journal of Personality, 86, 186-199.

Milojev, P., Osborne, D., Greaves, L. M., Barlow, F. K., & Sibley, C. G. (2013). The Mini-IPIP6: Tiny yet highly stable markers of Big Six personality. Journal of Research in Personality, 47, 936-944.

Milojev, P., & Sibley, C. G. (2014). The stability of adult personality varies across age: Evidence from a two-year longitudinal sample of adult New Zealanders. Journal of Research in Personality, 51, 29-37.

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Minbashian, A., Wood, R. E., & Beckmann, N. (2010). Task-contingent conscientiousness as a unit of personality at work. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95, 793-806.

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Pulford, B. D., & Sohal, H. (2006). The influence of personality on HE students' confidence in their academic abilities. Personality and Individual Differences, 41, 1409-1419.

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Raynor, D. A., & Levine, H. (2009). Associations between the Five-Factor Model of personality and health behaviors among college students. Journal of American College Health, 58 , 73-82. 

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Reeve, C. L., Meyer, R. D., & Bonaccio, S. (2006).  Intelligence-personality associations reconsidered: The importance of distinguishing between general and narrow dimensions of intelligence.  Intelligence, 34, 387-402.

Rentfrow, P. J., Gosling, S. D., Jokela, M., Stillwell, M., & Potter, J. (in press). Divided we stand: Three psychological regions of the United States and their political, economic, social, and health correlates. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Resick, C. J., Whitman, D. S., Weingarden, S. M., & Hiller, N. J. (2009).  The bright-side and the dark-side of CEO personality: Examining core self-evaluations, narcissism, transformational leadership, and strategic influence.  Journal of Applied Psychology, 94, 1365-1381.

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Robinson, M. D., & Clore, G. L. (2007). Traits, states, and encoding speed: Support for a top-down view of neuroticism/state relations. Journal of Personality, 75, 95-120.

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Robinson, M. D., Meier, B. P., & Vargas, P. T. (2005). Extraversion, threat categorizations, and negative affect: A reaction time approach to avoidance motivation. Journal of Personality, 73, 1397-1436.

Robinson, M. D., Meier, B. P., Wilkowski, B. M., & Ode, S. (2007). Introversion, inhibition, and displayed anxiety: The role of error reactivity processes. Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 558-578.

Robinson, M. D., Moeller, S. K., & Fetterman, A. K. (2010). Neuroticism and responsiveness to error feedback: Adaptive self-regulation versus affective reactivity. Journal of Personality, 78, 1469-1496.

Robinson, M. D., Ode, S., Moeller, S. K., & Goetz, P. W. (2007). Neuroticism and affective priming: Evidence for a neuroticism-linked negative schema. Personality and Individual Differences, 42, 1221-1231.

Robinson, M. D., Ode, S., Wilkowski, B. M., & Amodio, D. M. (2007). Neurotic contentment: A self-regulation view of neuroticism-linked distress. Emotion, 7, 579-591.

Robinson, M. D., & Oishi, S. (2006). Trait self-report as a "fill in" belief system: Categorization speed moderates the extraversion/life satisfaction relation. Self & Identity, 5 , 15-34.

Robinson, M. D., Penzel, I. B., & Persich, M. R. (2020). What if your partner…? A situated decision-making approach to romantic competence in young adulthood. Journal of Research in Personality, 88, 104012.

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Zhang, X., & Bartol, K. M. (2010). The influence of creative process engagement on employee creative performance and overall job performance: A curvilinear assessment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95, 862-873.

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